Maltese Habitats and Biocoenoses
Biocoenosis (or biotic community) is a general ecological term for any naturally occurring group of organisms inhabitaing a common habitat, which is known as thier biotope or habitat.
The terrestial biocoenoses of the Maltese Islands may be grouped into three categories:
- Major communities that are part of the successional sequence towards the climatic climax.
- Minor communities which are either specialised to occupy particular habitats, or occupy habitats that are rare in the islands, or are relics from a previous ecological regime now surviving in a few refugia.
- Biocoenoses that owe their existence to anthropic activities.
Descriptions of Maltese terrestial biocoenoses are based mainly on vegetation